Common Latin Idioms

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from Benjamin Leonard D'Ooge, Easy Latin for Sight Reading for Secondary Schools (Boston: Ginn & Co., 1897), pp. 20-23. [1]

ad ūnum: to a man

aequō animō: contentedly, resignedly, patiently

aere aliēnō premī: to be heavily in debt

agere grātiās: to thank

alius aliam in partem: one in one direction, another in another

amicō aliquō ūti: to be on terms of intimacy with some one

animō tenus commovērī: to be moved to the heart

annum quartum agēns: in his fourth year

annōs quattuor nātus: at the age of four

ante annōs: before the legal age

apud rēgem: at the court of the king

bellum īnferre: to make war upon

bene habet: it is well

bonō animō esse: to be well disposed

bonum animum habēre: to be of good courage

capitis damnātus: convicted of a capital crime, sentenced to death

causam dīcere or agere: to state a case, to plead a case

certior fierī: to be informed

certiōrem facere: to inform

cōnsilia inire: to make plans

cōnsulere alicui: to look out for the interest of some one

cōnsulere aliquem: to consult some one, to ask advice of some one

dare operam: to see to, give attention to, take pains

diem dīcere or ēdīcere: to appoint a time, name a day

dum haec geruntur: while this was going on

eō magis: all the more

extrēmā hieme: at the end of winter

ex rē pūblicā: to the best interests of the state

gerere magistrātum: to hold an office

grātiās agere: to thank

grātiam habēre: to be grateful

grātiam or grātiās referre: to return a favor

grātum facere: to do a favor

īdem quī: the same as

idem sentīre: to have the same opinion

in diēs: every day, daily

in dubium vocāri: to be called in question

in fugam dare: to put to flight

in grātiam redīre: to be reconciled

in mātrimōnium dūcere: to marry

in perpetuum: forever

inter cēnam: at table

iūs dīcere: to pronounce judgment

longum est: it would take long, it would be tedious

mandāre litterīs: to commit to writing

memoriā tenēre: to remember

molestē ferre: to take it ill, to be grieved

multum valēre: to be very influential

nāvem cōnscendere: to embark

novae rēs: a revolution

novus homō: an upstart, a parvenu, a self-made man

ōrātiōnem habēre: to make a speech

operam dare: to see to, to take pains

opus est: it is necessary

placuit senātuī: the senate decided

plūrimum posse: to be most powerful, to be most influential

prae sē ferēns: showing, exhibiting

praeclārē sē habēre: to be admirable

prō amicō habēre: to regard as a friend

prō cōntiōne: before the assembly, or in an address

quae cum ita sint: since this is true, under these circumstances, this being the case

quam prīmum: as soon as possible

ratiōnem reddere: to render an account, to give an explanation

rēs gestae: exploits, deeds

salūtem dicere: to salute, to greet

satis cōnstat: it is well established

sē cōnferre: betake oneself, go

sē gerere: conduct oneself, act

sententia stat: it is resolved, they resolve

stīpendium merēre: to perform military service

terga vertere: to retreat

ūnus atque alter: one or two

veniam dare: to pardon

ventum est: he or she came, he or she has come, they came, they have come

vereor nē: I fear that

vereor ut: I fear that not

vītam agere: to live